What clicked with “It” in such spectacular fashion?

Start with a well-made and expertly marketed movie. “It,” directed by Anthony Muschietti (“Mama”), received mostly positive reviews. Mr. King, of course, has a huge fan base. Helping was the presence of a marquee villain in Pennywise, played by Bill Skarsgard. “It” also has parallels to “Stranger Things,” the hit Netflix series. Both involve a scary, supernatural mystery and have a “Stand by Me”-style group of misfit children at their center.

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Warner Bros. marketed “It” with a haunted house in Los Angeles that generated viral buzz.

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Mike Nelson/European Pressphoto Agency

“Whenever a movie overperforms to this degree — becomes a tent pole — there is some kind of cultural accelerant at play,” said Toby Emmerich, president of Warner Bros. Pictures Group. “It,” which did particularly well in Imax theaters, collected an additional $62 million overseas. Mr. Emmerich already has a sequel in the works.

Horror movies have been a box office bright spot over the past year. As moviegoers have become more fickle — in no small part because they now have Netflix and large-screen televisions in their living rooms — the thrill of getting scared with a group of strangers in a theater has held its power, particularly for young audiences. New Line, the division of Warner that made “It,” recently found success with “Annabelle: Creation,” for instance.

But “It” is not a typical horror film. “The message of the movie is actually hope,” said Dan Lin, an “It” producer. “If we stick together and rely on one another’s strength, loyalty and goodness, we can — like the kids in the film — overcome our fears and the evil in the world.”

No movie opens itself, however, and part of the success of “It” can be attributed to Blair Rich, who oversees New Line releases as Warner’s president of worldwide marketing. Her teaser trailer for “It” received 197 million views online in its first 24 hours, the largest in Hollywood history. “It’s really a reflection of the whole Warner marketing team,” Ms. Rich said. “They are truly skilled at turning a film into an event. And New Line gave us an incredible film to work with.”

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Kevin Tsujihara, chief executive of Warner Bros., with Blair Rich, who ran the “It” marketing campaign.

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Getty Images

Horror movies (in particular one about killing kids) are tricky to sell to a wide audience; playing down the scary parts might make non-horror fans more interested, but that strategy risks driving away the core fan base. “You have to be very careful not to deteriorate the scare,” Ms. Rich said.

Another challenge involved building interest while avoiding overhype. “You never want to get to a point where the buzz doesn’t feel credible,” Ms. Rich said. So rather than relying on traditional (and expensive) methods of movie promotion, including carpet bombing television with ads, the “It” campaign focused on generating viral buzz. Efforts included a five-minute virtual reality experience that was available on YouTube and Facebook and in real life inside a school bus, which Warner sent to eight cities.

In Los Angeles, Warner built a two-story replica of the film’s haunted house that was free to tour. About 35,000 people visited over the course of a month — with studio staffers encouraging them to take photos and post them on Instagram — and lines stretched to five hours. The studio shut down an online wait-list after it reached 85,000 names.

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