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Supporters of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau gathered outside the agency on Monday, when agency employees arrived at work not knowing who was in charge.

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The leadership row at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, or C.F.P.B., won’t stop its inevitable gutting. It’s unclear who’s in charge at the agency. Richard Cordray, the departing director who was appointed by President Barack Obama, named his temporary successor — as did the White House, provoking an unusual legal fight.

C.F.P.B. employees came to work Monday not knowing who their boss is. Mr. Cordray appointed his chief of staff, Leandra English, as deputy director and acting director in his resignation letter on Friday. Shortly afterward, President Trump named his budget chief, Mick Mulvaney, to fulfill the acting director role. Ms. English sued the Trump administration on Sunday, saying she is the “rightful acting director.”

It’s unclear how a federal court will rule. Senior Trump officials point to the 1998 Federal Vacancies Reform Act, which authorizes the president to appoint acting heads of agencies when a director resigns or dies. Bolstering their case, C.F.P.B. general counsel Mary McLeod sided with the administration.

To make her case, Ms. English pointed to the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, which created the C.F.P.B. and states that the agency’s deputy director is to serve as acting director in the absence of a permanent leader.

The court battle may only delay long-running Republican efforts to hollow out the agency. Mr. Trump has the power to nominate a permanent director, so it’s only a matter of time before his pick takes over. In a Twitter post on Saturday, the president wrote that the agency, which has slapped financial firms with nearly $12 billion in fines and restitution, has been a “total disaster.” Mr. Mulvaney has described it as a “sad, sick joke.”

That means the C.F.P.B. could eventually look like the Environmental Protection Agency and other departments that Trump appointees have largely neutered. Unlike other financial regulators, the C.F.P.B. is led by a sole director instead of a commission or board, giving the agency’s head a lot of power. Congress also doesn’t control the C.F.P.B.’s budget, diminishing the ability of pro-agency Democrats to protect it.

President Obama had to fight to install Mr. Cordray as director in 2011 after Republican opposition forced him to drop Elizabeth Warren, who had championed the agency’s creation. She now defends it from her seat in the Senate, tweeting on Sunday that the president was “attempting to override Dodd-Frank.”

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